Tre Fontane

Location

Official Name Abbazia delle Tre Fontane

25

Country Italy

City Rome

Address Via Acque Salvie, 1

Postcode I-00142

Contact Information

Telephone [39] (06) 540.16.55

Community Email abbaziatf@libero.it

Website www.abbaziatrefontane.it

Superior Dom Giacomo Brière, Sup.ad nutum 1994, Abate 1996

Other Informations

Juridical Status Abbey

Diocese Dioecesis Romana (Rome)

OCSO Region REM

Founded/Restored 1867

Origins

The ancient monastery of Ss. Vincent and Anastasius was founded in the 6th century by Cilician monks; it was later occupied by Benedictines. In 1140 it became Cistercian.  It was occupied by Franciscans in 1826; re-established by La Trappe in 1867 and raised to the rank of abbey in 1868.

History

1140: St. Bernard of Clairvaux sent Cistercians, under the leadership of Bernard Pganelli, who was the first abbot before being elected pope under the name of Eugene III in 1145.

The abbey was held by Cistercians until 1826, but was pillaged by revolutionary armies and counted only a small number of monks.

1826: Given to the Observant Friars Minor.  They remain until 1867, but the monastery decays even further.

1867: Trappists took over at the invitation of Pius IX.

1868: A Brief of 21 April grants the community use of the monastery, three churches and a small property.  One of the first occupants is Fr. Franz Pfanner, future founder of Marianhill.

1870-71: The community is dissolved by a rapacious government.  The monks were allowed to remain as guardians and received a salary.

1874, 11 November: The monks form an agricultural corporation.

1886, 8 April: The acts of “affrancazione”.  The community, being an agricultural corporation, becomes owner of the property by the payment of an annual royalty. The monastery lands had long been infested with malaria.  Many monks came down with the disease and paid for their devotion with their lives.  The community need help to live and to pay the annual indemnity.

1892: At the union of the 3 Trappist congregations it was decided that the abbot general would be abbot of Tre Fontane and reside there.  In fact, that never came about, but in view of this arrangement the community is governed for some time by priors.

1894: A monk of Sept-Fons, Fr. Leon Ehrard, is sent to Tre Fontane.  He becomes cellarer, then prior, and finally abbot in 1919.  His hard work and intelligence transform the situation and the abbey flourishes both spiritually and materially.

1936: The community is juridically recognized, according to the laws of the Concordat with Italy and the property of the agricultural corporation was transferred to it.  The annuities had been paid.

1942: Part of the property was expropriated for the construction of a future exposition (E.U.R. – Esposizione universale di Roma), which never took place.  This became today’s EUR district.

As the city of Rome expanded, the greater part of the property had to be sold.  Today only 30 hectares remain.

Father Immediate

La Trappe

Daughter Houses

Valserena, Huambo

Important Figures

Blessed Eugene III; Franz Pfanner

Past Superiors

Eutrope PROUST — Abbot — 08/11/1868 – 17/09/1874 (v.18)
Giuseppe FRANCHINO — Prior — — ?/ ?/1874 – ?/ ?/1880
Giuseppe FRANCHINO — Abbot — ?/ ?/1880 – 13/01/1886
Stanislas WHITE — Superior — 13/01/1886 – 25/06/1886
Joachim RAYNAUD — Abbot — 30/06/1886 – ?/ ?/1889
Jean GRANDJAQUOT — Prior — 14/10/1889 – ?/ ?/1892
Sébastien WYART — Apostolic Administrator — 31/12/1892 – ?/ ?/1900
[Ignace BINOUT — 1893 – 1894 (cf 37)]
Aurèle EUVRARD — Prior — 09/09/1894 – 20/03/1900
Léon EHRHARD — Prior — — ?/ ?/1900 – ?/ ?/1919
Léon EHRHARD — Abbot — ?/ ?/1919 – 06/05/1946
Alfonso BARBIERI — Abbot — 23/07/1946 – 25/04/1950
Domenico TURCO — Abbot — 25/08/1950 – 24/07/1964
Thomas d’Aquin GONDAL — Apostolic Administrator — 09/08/1964 – 10/04/1968 (v.12)
Domenico TURCO — Sup.ad nutum — 10/04/1968 – ?/05/1971
Domenico TURCO — Abbot — ?/05/1971 – 02/02/1974
Bernardo BOLDINI — Sup.ad nutum — 02/02/1974 – 21/02/1977
Paolo TAUFER — Sup.ad nutum — 21/02/1977 – 13/03/1979
Angelo BUCCITTI — Sup.ad nutum — 13/03/1979 – 17/12/1980
Angelo BUCCITTI — Abbot — 17/12/1980 – 09/05/1991
José Ramón SANCHEZ — Abbot — 27/05/1991 – 21/10/1994 (v.91)

Transportation

Station: Rome

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